Thursday 7th March 2019

Craftivism = Craft + Activism

3 forms public art

  1.  Graffiti,
  2. Street art
  3. Craftivism

Grayson Perry – Craft and Art

‘That is one of the great things about it, and craft, by definition, is something that can be taught to someone else, you know, you can teach someone how to throw a pot and they will become as good at it as you if they’ve got the necessary. Whereas art is very much linked to the individual and their vision and it’s not necessarily something that can be taught or passed down.’

The Arts & Crafts Movement:

  • The Arts & Crafts movement was founded in Britain by William Morris and John Ruskin around 1880.
  • One of the most influential and far-reaching design movements of modern times.
  • It grew out of concerns over the effects of industrialisation on everyday lives.
  • It promoted the value of traditional handcrafts and the design of ordinary domestic objects.
  • ‘Have nothing in your home that is not useful or beautiful’ – hard because normal people couldn’t afford this luxury. 
  • Not for the masses – expensive. 

Marx’s theory of alienation established a casual relationship between work conditions and the degradation of the human personality –

“What constitutes the alienation of labour?  First, that the work is external to the worker, that it is not part of his nature, and that consequently, he does not fulfil himself in his work but denies himself, has a feeling of misery rather than well-being, does not develop freely his physical and mental energies but is physically exhausted and mentally debased…  We arrive at the result that the man (the worker) feels himself to be freely active only in his animal functions – eating, drinking, procreating, or at most also in his dwelling and in his personal adornment – whilst in his human functions he is reduced to an animal.  The animal becomes human and the human becomes animal.” 

 Karl Marx, Extracts from the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts. 1844

By 1851, John Ruskin, co-founder of the English Arts and Crafts movement had written his important work “The Nature of the Gothic”. 

You must make a tool of the creature or a man of him.  You cannot make both.  Men were not intended to work with the accuracy of tools, to be precise and perfect in all their actions.  If you will have that precision out of them, and make their fingers measure degrees like cog-wheels and their arms strike curves like compasses, you must unhumanise them”.


Screenshot 2019-04-01 at 20.41.15





Image result for blade walking letters
Blade – Walking Letters (1980)


Image result for stay high graffiti artist
Stay High 149 (1970 – 1975)


Image result for lady pink graffiti art
Lady Pink (1993)

Street Art:

Ben Eine – (Spitalfields) Assisted by Arts Council England 

Image result for ben eine spitalfields


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Design for Louis Vuitton Scarf

From the streets to Louis Vuitton.

Related image
Pink Tank by Marianne Jørgensen. Aarhus, Denmark

“Quiet strength need not be mistaken for useless vulnerability.”

Kate Walker in The Subversive Stitch: Embroidery and the Making of the Feminine.

Yarn “bombing”.


Image result for hanecdote
@hanecdote (Instagram)


Digital Folklore

Thursday 28th February

Aims for Today:

  • Examine the tradition of Folklore (Fairy Tales/Myth)
  • Consider how traditional Folklore functions in society
  • Examine how such Folklore might be generated in the digital age.
  • Consider how Digital Folklore might differ from and share qualities with traditional Folklore.

A folktale is a story originating in popular culture, typically passed on by word of mouth. It is steeped in traditional beliefs, customs, passed down through generations. 

Vernacular Web

Evokes folklore all over the world, everyone can access it. 

The Net as A Museum

“The world’s largest, unintentional, folklore archive” Lynn McNeil.

A world wide story bank to which a large majority of people are contributing. However platforms drop off/do not become compatible etc.

Contemporary Folk Culture

The internet is a valid cultural performance revealing current, social commentary. Internet folk culture can be explored first hand, not filtered by an academic hypothesis. 

Memes and other visual artifacts archived on the net becomecontemporary folk art. Visuality has become an important component to online expresion.

Due to the internet, we lose expression, tone of voice, body language etc. Emojis emphasise online language – are a form of expressing tone etc. We have lost the art of word of mouth, however the internet is a visual way of expressing folklore.


Richard Dawkins (the english biologist) came up with the term ‘meme’. He believes memes are similar to genes.  In the idea that they mutate and grow. 

Memes are adapted, adjusted but the original basis is similar. The meme grows and grows as more people access it. Memes evolve, change, shape and adapt to allow their continuation. They need human input to carry on. Memes are accessible and relatable to everyone – not exclusive. 

10th June 2009 –

Caption indicates the photograph was recovered from a library – a place of truth and trust. Archives etc. The photograph has only been slightly adjusted. I find this interesting because the creator has cleverly played with a sensitive subject, ie children. 

Image result for slender man original photo
Erik Knudsen’s photoshopped image (2009)

Slender man has many responses by people all over the world, making their own versions. People started to create an ‘origin’ for the creature, linking him to mythical creatures and cave paintings. People tried and pass it off as ‘truth’. Social media takes over and spreads the story. It is crazy to think that a few photoshopped images by a man resulted in a craze, a YouTube programme, Marble Hornets and ‘Slender’ (a video game). People even dream about him – he becomes METATEXTUAL. user Soakie expressed the idea that we are creating a ‘Tulpa’ and are ‘cutting him out and sewing him together’, creating a character in our own subconscious. (Soakie, 20th June 2009). Slenderman is not copyrighted, it is a digital folklore, its layers added by people from all over the world. 


Satisfaction or pleasure in someone else’s misfortune. Tales which grow in the telling but have no basis in reality. Told as fiction, yet they often hold an element of the supernatural. More believable, ie Hook man. 


Urban Legends ( a humorous or horrific story or piece of information circulated as though true) increase infrequency to reflect societal anxieties. They can cast a mirror on major political issues, and are not always, simply‘harmless’ tales.

To conclude… we get hybridisation between ‘worlds’ ie, digital/virtual/folklore. What will happen in the future as technology develops? Digital reality/social media is that even real????


We were sat on tables and had to work as a group for this exercise. One person from the group was shown a photograph, which they had to describe. The group then drew an image from their description. Groups swapped and drew each other’s drawings, as if it was Chinese Whispers. I found it really entertaining as each horror movie reference became more warped as each group obtained the drawing. This portrays how memes/urban myths develop as they pass from person to person.

Our fairytale – portraying how folklore/fairytales should be moral focused. 

An ugly fish gets bullied for being different. By other ‘pretty’ fish. The ugly fish swims off and finds an ugly clam. The clam opens and reveals a pearl. Moral of the story – pretty on the inside. Our fish was genderless, more relatable for everyone. PUT MORAL/MESSAGES INTO WORK!









Funny HA HA

21st February 2019

Why Humour Matters:


  • Identify different types of humour.
  • Introduce how humour works/why it matters.


  1. Collage examples in order to identify types.
  2. Discuss examples in order to understand the difference betweens attire, parody and pastiche. 


Meaning a break with expectations; a mismatch; something that doesn’t fit.


The petty squabbles and speech patterns associated with low status low-skilled work, in an environment we associate with sophisticated technology and heroic tales of exceptional individuals. Technology drawn in a crude way, the equipment in the space craft does not look high tech/efficient.


‘The mismatching often involves the transgression of social norms, or the breaking of established social patterns.’

(Kuipers 2009, p.221)

Humour Depends on:

  • Recognition – behaviours, emotional responses, reactions, recognising that human beings are flawed and have the ability to be vulnerable.
  • Shared understandings
  • (unspoken) CODE

– Humour is often social, and can be culturally specific. 


Types of humour:

Laughing WITH – Together, social aspect of humour. ‘Laughing together is a sign of belonging: those who join in the laughter are part of the group; those who don’t join expose themselves as outsiders.’ (Kuipers 2009, p. 219). There can be an exclusion for some. 

Laughing AT – ‘Much humour is based on the transgression of societal boundaries, and such transgression can cause offense as well as amusement. And while not all humour has a butt, many jokes have some sort of target: groups, persons, objects, ideas, or the world at large.’Kuipers 2008, pp. 382-3. Humour can OFFEND people, as jokes do have a target. 


  • ‘Most often slapstick comedy centres on a performed incompetence’ (Peacock 2014, p. 8).
    ‘…the appearance of the infliction and suffering of pain without the actual anguish’ (ibid, p. 16)

Caricature –

  • A representation of a subject that exaggerates its characteristics to produce a comical or grotesque effect.
  • Political cartoons – A drawing representing current public figures or issues symbolically and often satirically.
  • Drawing and animation can ‘get away with’ more, literally and symbolically ( do not need to show person ie Harvey Weinstein ‘Silence of the Lambs’. 

Satire –

  • Can combine imaginary elements with strong and clear references to the real world.
  • Uses ridicule, mockery, exaggeration to attack and criticise vice, corruption and abuses of power.

Social Satire – 

  • Making fun of things that people do, laughing at AND with.
  • Look at a group of people – you are not too distant from them yourself.
  • An example: vanity of young people – hipster Barbie. 

Irony – 

  • Saying the opposite of what you mean, or a difference between the appearance and the reality. 

Parody/ Spoof –

  • Is highly intertextual.
  • It mimics in an absurd or ridiculous way the conventions and style of another work.
  • Can be ironic comment or affectionate fun.
  • It mimics in an absurd or ridiculous way the conventions and style of another work.

Pastiche –

  • Isn’t making fun of the works it imitates – however, the tone
    of pastiche is often humorous.
  • More of a homage, rather than making fun of the original reference. Celebrates rather than mocks. 
  • Ie: Keep calm and carry on poster. 

Should there be boundaries for humour?

Perhaps if you are in the group you are targeting, you are able to make fun of yourself etc. However if you are an outsider, then it could be perceived differently/ as offensive. Self – deprecating humour exists and could be a way of coping/ lightening the situation. Intention behind the joke – is it to offend someone? 

Meme Analysis:


I picked out this meme as I thought that it was clever. I think that this meme is ironic. This meme plays with irony and I feel that there is a social comment being made. I think that it is making a reference to those who believe that

Image result for british food meme

Reprographics Presentation.

Thursday 14th February.

Digital Reprographics Presentation W107:

Monday – Thursday (9am – 6pm) Friday (9am – 5pm)

Book in person!

Fiery software – Perfect/coptic binding, does this for you. 

BLEED: Need something to be printed, ie a full colour page. You print on a larger sheet, and your document will be cut down to be smaller. Allows your file to be trimmed. 3mm bleed. Adding bleed to InDesign. File, new document. Untick facing pages, intent ‘print’. Add 3mm bleed. 


File, new document. Same.

Photoshop, add 3 mm on page physically.


Printing Xerox V180: profile Adobe RGB 1998. 

Do a colour printing test! If you are unsure of how it will print. 

Black and white images: Convert in photoshop to greyscale. 



Minimum 300ppi – high quality print/ scanned 300 ppi.

What will affect the quality of my image?

  • Quality of recording device.
  • Size.

Make sure everything is on a PDF! 

Ie, Indesign – export Adobe PDF (tick use bleed settings). 

Impose online: to saddle stick on the Xeorox Phaser (self service).

What paper can I use?

Minimum size of a4.

Minimum 100gsm, max 250gsm. 

Grain Direction! Make GF Smith.

Uncoated paper ideally! – Laser Printers/Heat Process. 

Paper Rules:

Show paper to technician.

No plastic/acetate.

Double Sided printing – bring 5 extra sheets!

Dimensions – check them!

Paper needs to be flat – if its rolled lay flat for 24hrs!


Bring PDF on USB.

Packaged in InDesign File. File save, package. 

Paper is cut to size and you have plenty of sheets – cut day before!

Payment is taken from student ID card – make sure there is money on your card. 

6 point checklist:

PDF Format

3mm Bleed

No crop Marks

Single Pages NOT spreads

Correct number of pages – ie binding multiples of 3 for coptic binding.

Bring extra paper.

W234 – To Bind your book!

Make sure you know what binding you want and to have a chat with technicians. 

CTS 1 Briefing

Thursday 14th February

Main Aims for this blog:

  • To understand what a visual essay is.
  • To gain inspiration for my visual essay.
  • To think about how print and paper affects the quality of the visual essay/blog posts. 


What is a visual Essay?

The Visual Essay: Telling by showing. 

  • Instead of using words, images and pictures are used to convey ideas.
  • The only complete sentences found on the visual essay are in the quotes.
  • Words may be used in conjunction with the images but used SPARINGLY. 
  • Remember it is the main idea to visually explain not words.
  • Reference Images – Maybe do a Sgt Pepper style reference! An outline and number. 
  • 2 double page spreads – max. TBA.

Examples of narrative that could be explored in a visual essay:

‘Here’ Richard Mcguire (1989)

So much can be read out of a small panel. There is a lot to read from one comic panel. Words do not actually explain, just support. I find it interesting how there can be a lot to think about only from one panel, it shows that image can explain and set the scene. 

Visual Sequence:

The Kuleshov Effect: 

Put a sequence of shots together. Showed people a sequence of images, asked people what was going on. Soup and his face. Girl in coffin and his face. Woman and his face. Each time he asked people what he was feeling. They said different things, the feeling and expression of the man relied on the image before. The meaning of the image relies on the relationship between the two images. It is created by the interaction of images. I find this really interesting as I feel that it is not necessarily what the image portrays that matters, the sequence of images creates a narrative and steers people’s thought process. 

Jon McNaught – Pilgrims:

Continuity is important. So is change. Elements stay the same, with repetition. This creates a clear image. The speed is quite interesting, the approach McNaught is not very personal. It is very even, and this sets the pace – unhurried, even.  Colour palette stays the same.


Perkins and Haspiel:

Continuity and change is present. The lady on both sides stays the same. Only the middle section that changes dramatically. This is an interesting interpretation. Waiting, on tables, on other people, waiting for her life to start. Same shit different day. Weather gives the sense of time passing. Once you have waited on people, you get used to it and it becomes a routine. Perhaps she is less affected by irritating customers, and it is just monotone now. The repetition portrays her routine.

Examples of visual essays:

Booklets that I thought were effective:

I found this interesting as I like the layout of the print. I found the layout to be simple yet effective. I thought that